The two most important statements in all of Karl Marx's writings come from the same book ("Contribution to the Critique of Hegel's Philosophy of Right"). In fact, they come from the very same page. I call them "thesis 1" and "thesis 2," though Marx does not number them. They are as follows: Thesis 1: "...It is evident that all forms of the state have democracy for their truth, and for that reason are false to the extent that they are not democracy." and Thesis 2: "...In true democracy, the political state disappears." How one interprets Marx hangs completely on how one interprets these two statements. In a few words, Marx brings together all the diverse tendencies that made the group of thinkers to which he belonged so distinctive - a group that was familiar and conversant with the writings of Hegel and other important philosophers of the period, and yet represented a rebellious, even shocking divergence from tradition.
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The problem with having an ego is that it may not be selfish enough. As I mentioned in my previous article, " A Defense of the Ego ," the ego can be understood as an illusion, or more accurately, as a construction. But that doesn't make it wrong. (It doesn't even make it untrue, because social constructions are real.) The problem with the ego is not that it is too selfish (and thus evil). It's just the opposite. The difficulty with the ego is that it may come into conflict with your selfishness. This problem may arise in various ways. Let's look at some of the most common: Let's say you are trying to eat as much chocolate peanut butter pie as you can. That is your selfish motivation. Now let's say there are many strategies for getting chocolate peanut butter pie: strategy 1, strategy 2, strategy 3, etc., etc.. You have landed on strategy number 54, and it's working pretty well. But unbeknownst to you, there is another strategy, str